PPSEAWA International

International Bulletin - May 2001

Pan Pacific Southeast Asia Women's Association 21st International Conference

10 - 18 November 2000 Strategic Action Plan 2000


"Igniting the Power of Peace" is a theme that the Conference organisers chose to coincide with the Decade for the Culture of Peace.

Important principles to a Culture of Peace are those listed in the Manifesto 2000

  1. The fostering of a culture of peace through education
  2. Promoting sustainable economic and social development
  3. Promoting respect for all human rights
  4. Actions to ensure equality between women and men
  5. Actions to foster democratic participation
  6. Actions to advance understanding, tolerance and solidarity
  7. Actions to support participatory communication and the free flow of information and knowledge
  8. Actions to promote international peace and security

A culture of peace encompasses not only peace as the absence of war, but focuses on the content, the substance and the conditions of peace. UNESCO provides us with the following on which the Pre Conference and Conference is based.

"there can be no lasting peace without development and no sustainable development without full equality between women and men"

To develop and maintain a Culture of Peace there is a fundamental requirement for human rights and good governance. This theme was developed in the Pre Conference, which outlined the important conventions that member countries were encouraged to lobby for endorsement and reporting.

Having provided the background for "Igniting the Power of Peace" the conference considered issues that may influence "Igniting the Power of Peace". It addressed obstacles and to the maintenance of achieving the Peace. These were discussed through keynote addresses, panellists and workshops.

Development of a Strategic Action Plan is an important outcome at the conference and will provide for all ideas and practical ways of "Igniting the Power of Peace".

This action plan culminated in the resolution that was accepted by the 21 countries of PPSEAWA.

This action plan is only the framework methodology of how these are undertaken is the decision of individual countries.

Action will lead to "Igniting the Power of Peace" in your country.

Jennifer Litau, President of PPSEAWA Papua New Guinea, a new member of PPSEAWA at the Conference opening ceremony.

Pre Conference - November 11 & 12, 2000

The Pre Conference provided the framework to facilitate the implementation of a culture of peace.

The matter of human rights and good governance has seen firm global commitment through the adoption and ratification of international treaties, which, have been agreed upon with a common goal of achieving sustainable development by setting minimum standards to achieve a global culture of peace. Countries that aspire to meet these standards often translate these global commitments into national frameworks by incorporating these principles in their national constitutions. Although, it has become a critical component in all United Nations treaties, at the implementation level, there is a degree of variation in the actual application of these principles. A number of significant initiatives have been mandated and deserve recognition, if not implementation, the International Year for the Culture of Peace, the United Nations Declaration and Programme of Action on the Culture of Peace and the UNESCO Statement on Women's Contribution to a Culture of Peace.

Availability and accessibility to resources and organisational capacity are key requirements to a programme on sustainable human rights and good governance. It is acknowledged that there is a gradual decrease in the overall development assistance as compared to the last ten years as donors reassess and re-prioritise their development assistance based on what would be most strategic and beneficial for them. Therefore, it is important that existing mechanisms and linkages should be identified and utilised. Networking and sharing of experiences and lessons learnt on work carried out in the area of human rights and good governance is critical. Information on availability of both technical and financial assistance in this area should be widely disseminated to all stakeholders.

The objectives for the Pre Conference were:

Discussions provided the following strategies to be developed further by PPSEAWA country groups

Eleitino Paddy Walker speaks of her vision for Peace at the dedication of the Peace Garden. The Cook Islands conference was six years in the planning under the guidance of Paddy Walker.


The Conference provided topics that gave the participants many things to contemplate and consider:

Monday, Nov. 13, 2000

The world is changing and therefore the roles of men and women are changing. It is an opportune time for concerted efforts in developing a culture of peace. To consider the issues of the people who are the world's greatest resource. A culture of peace emerges when everyone including women has the opportunity to develop- to full potential and has equality of opportunity. We seem to be some distance away from "equality of opportunity" when we see in the research by the United Nations that in the world as a whole, women comprise 51 percent of the population, do 66 percent of the work, receive 10 percent Of the income and own less than one percent of the property.

The objectives of the Monday session were:

The video "Pacific Women in Transition" illustrated the changing roles of men and women in the Pacific and the obstacles that prevent their participation in the social, economic and political spheres of their country's development.

Panel discussions by Tonga, Japan, Australia, Malaysia and Samoa discussed the following issues

Discussions provided the following strategies to be developed further by PPSEAWA country groups:

The Honorable Carole Mosley Braun, United States Ambassador to New Zealand plants a gardenis bush at the dedication of the Peace Garden. Ambassador Braun was the keynote speaker on the topic of Globalisation.

Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2000 - The New Environment

The human race is at the crossroads for survival. We all depend on our environment for sustaining our lives. Yet each community strives for survival and prosperity with little regard for its impact on others. Sustainability' is a multi-dimensional problem.

The address "New Environment" was delivered through a panel of speakers who gave their experiences, ideas and thoughts on the new environment. The areas covered were

The objectives of the Tuesday session were:

Discussions provided the following strategies to be developed further by PPSEAWA country groups:

Dr. Shirley Lim, keynote speaker on the subject of The New People, will serve as conference chair in Singapore in 2003.

Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2000- Interdependence and Globalism

The world is becoming a smaller place and we all have a role to play within it. How these roles are established and implemented will be important in the survival of each and every one of us.

National and political boundaries however are now crumbling in the wake of interdependence and globalisation. Rapid technological and economic changes are now breaking down the old order. How can mankind survive in this new order and what values and experiences do we need to survive in a planetary world.

The objectives of the Wednesday session were:

The Video "Globalisation in the Pacific" illustrated important ideas on

Panel discussions were led by representatives from Thailand, Australia, Republic of China and Cook Islands. Discussion will highlighted examples and solutions that will prepare us for the future.

When survival and existence for most of us meant only food, clothing and shelter and simple means of using resources to live were the norm, the world and its boundaries was not considered. Groups of people lived as hunters and gatherers of food. Our world has been focussed on the survival of the individual within the family unit. National and political boundaries are, as we understand finish with our EEZ.

However, we know now that events in one part of the world can have a major and almost instantaneous effect on people on the other side of the world. Over the last few years interdependence has been increasing with the formation of the United Nations, global agencies and multinationals.

Ingeborg Briennes of UNESCO participated in the pre-conference workshop and was the keynote speaker for United Nations Day.

Thursday, Nov. 16, 2000- Un Day and The Culture of Peace

The Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace has been adopted by the

General Assembly of the United Nations. UNESCO has also developed a Statement on Women's contribution to a Culture of Peace.

These international instruments provide the foundation for us to now move forward. They further give us the opportunity to demonstrate hew we can contribute to the programme of action and initiatives that we can develop to further the Culture of Peace activities in our own countries and worldwide.

The objectives of the Thursday session were:

The panellists from the Cook Islands and Samoa further developed the programmes that promote a culture of peace as well as demonstrating examples of what is working well in the Pacific.

Discussions provided the following strategies to be developed further by PPSEAWA country groups:

Parent Support



Trinidad Hunt, keynote speaker, with Cook Islands children following the inspirational closing Peace Ceremony.

Friday, Nov. 17, 2000-Children as Teachers of Peace

People must be aware of their role as mothers, fathers, mentors and models in the process of guiding, supporting and nurturing our youth.

Planet Earth is a classroom and each of us is a student in the "Academy of Life". Children enter this world with heightened sensitivity. They come to learn and grow in the human experience. They carry with them and represent an enormous possibility for a new way of peace in our world.

Their potential as peacemakers requires a nourishing environment that it may grow and flourish. In order that our children become contributing members in our society, we must understand and accept our role in this process. Our youth must reach their full potential to contribute positively to society.

The objectives of the Friday session were:

Discussions provided the following strategies to be developed further by PPSEAWA country groups:

Last Modified: June 05, 2010